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The inheritance tax in France is 45%, in Belgium it's 3%. France has a wealth tax, Belgium doesn't.
Wealthy French have known and used these loopholes for quite some time, but appeal of such schemes is on the rise following massive tax hikes of president Francois Hollande.
Please consider Wealthy French eye Belgian tax perks.
For decades, Thierry Afschrift’s boutique tax law practice was among the best-kept secrets of Belgium’s wealthy elite, his name passed discreetly between the landed gentry and industrialists in Brussels’ leafy suburbs seeking shelter from the kingdom’s Byzantine tax laws.Arnault Effect
But in the past five months, Mr Afschrift’s phones have been ringing off the hook from another clientele altogether – wealthy Frenchmen seeking to set up private foundations in Belgium to protect their family fortunes from onerous taxes imposed by President François Hollande.
“We have loads of people coming every day asking us questions about setting up foundations,” Mr Afschrift said from his office on Brussels’ upmarket Avenue Louise. Other Belgian tax lawyers say they have been receiving around 10 calls a day from France inquiring about private family foundations.
The key to Belgian foundation law is that it permits the patron to hand over all assets to children as a gift, taxed at only 3 per cent instead of France’s 45 per cent inheritance tax. It also avoids France’s annual wealth tax, a levy that does not exist in Belgium. To top it off, the foundation’s benefactor retains full control of the assets while alive and can set disbursement terms for after their death.
“It is a very good tool to transfer assets gradually and assure the children don’t squander that family’s accumulated wealth,” says Manoël Dekeyser, one of Belgium’s most prominent tax attorneys.
“If the children want the money to play at the casino, the foundation’s manager can block them from doing so, if he has been instructed to do so by the parents.”
Said one lawyer, who asked not to be named to protect his firm: “Unfortunately, Arnault brought greater attention to the foundations system than we would have hoped.
“I would have preferred to keep it very discreet. Rich people know how to find us. They don’t need to read it in the Financial Times.”
Bernard Arnault is the owner of fashion and champagne house LVMH and reputedly Europe’s richest man.
French actor Gérard Depardieu stirred up tax debate with a threat to seek Belgian citizenship to avoid Hollande's new top tax rate of 75% on millionaires.
Depardieu, who has been in around 200 films, says he's moving to Belgium to avoid paying a new 75 percent tax on the superwealthy. The move has divided the country and has focused attention on the Socialist government's controversial new tax policy.Hollande's Tax Hikes Backfire
The uproar began just before Christmas, when it came to light that Depardieu bought a home in Nechin, a drab Belgian village less than a mile over the French border. Depardieu admitted to establishing a foreign residence to escape new French tax rates.
"It's pathetic really," Prime Minister Jean Marc Ayrault said earlier this month. "Paying taxes is an act of patriotism and we're asking the rich to make a special effort here for the country."
Depardieu shot back at Ayrault in an open letter published in a major Sunday newspaper, Le Journal du Dimanche.
"I am leaving because you consider success, creativity and talent grounds for sanction," the actor wrote. Depardieu said he has paid more than $190 million in taxes over the last four decades. He said he no longer recognized his country and offered to surrender his passport if he was, indeed, so pathetic.
Based on the Financial Times article as well as actual moves by the super-wealthy, it appears Hollande's tax policies have already backfired.
For every dime collected, a flood of middle-class and wealthy French are setting up foundations to avoid inheritance taxes and shelter current income as well.
Indeed, any French citizen with an estate to pass on should investigate setting up a private foundation in Belgium to avoid onerous inheritance taxes.
Mike "Mish" Shedlock